3946. Punitive Damages Entity Defendant Bifurcated Trial (First Phase) | Pdf Doc Docx | Jury Instructions

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3946. Punitive Damages Entity Defendant Bifurcated Trial (First Phase) | Pdf Doc Docx | Jury Instructions

3946. Punitive Damages Entity Defendant Bifurcated Trial (First Phase)

This is a California Jury Instructions form that can be used for Damages.

Alternate TextLast updated: 7/14/2014

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3946. Punitive Damages--Entity Defendant--Bifurcated Trial (First Phase) Instruction No 1 Request by Plaintiff Given as Proposed Refused Withdrawn Request by Defendant Given as Modified Requested by Given on Court's Motion Judge Instruction No 1 If you decide that [name of defendant]'s conduct caused [name of plaintiff] harm, you must decide whether that conduct justifies an award of punitive damages. The amount, if any, of punitive damages will be an issue decided later. At this time, you must decide whether [name of plaintiff] has proved that [name of defendant] engaged in that conduct with malice, oppression, or fraud. To do this, [name of plaintiff] must prove [one of] the following by clear and convincing evidence: 1. [That the conduct constituting malice, oppression, or fraud was committed by one or more officers, directors, or managing agents of [name of defendant] who acted on behalf of [name of defendant]; [or]] [That the conduct constituting malice, oppression, or fraud was authorized by one or more officers, directors, or managing agents of [name of defendant]; [or]] [That one or more officers, directors, or managing agents of [name of defendant] knew of the conduct constituting malice, oppression, or fraud and adopted or approved that conduct after it occurred.] 2. 3. "Malice" means that [name of defendant] acted with intent to cause injury or that [name of defendant]'s conduct was despicable and was done with a willful and knowing disregard of the rights or safety of another. A person acts with knowing disregard when he or she is aware of the probable dangerous consequences of his or her conduct and deliberately fails to avoid those consequences. "Oppression" means that [name of defendant]'s conduct was despicable and subjected [name of plaintiff] to cruel and unjust hardship in knowing disregard of 3946. Punitive Damages--Entity Defendant--Bifurcated Trial (First Phase) Instruction No 1 Request by Plaintiff Given as Proposed Refused Withdrawn Request by Defendant Given as Modified Requested by Given on Court's Motion Judge Instruction No 1 [his/her] rights. "Despicable conduct" is conduct that is so vile, base, or contemptible that it would be looked down on and despised by reasonable people. "Fraud" means that [name of defendant] intentionally misrepresented or concealed a material fact and did so intending to harm [name of plaintiff]. An employee is a "managing agent" if he or she exercises substantial independent authority and judgment in his or her corporate decision making so that his or her decisions ultimately determine corporate policy. ________________________________________________________________________________ New September 2003; Revised April 2004, December 2005

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